Restricted Ingredients

Ingredients can be harmful for different reasons. Some may dry out skin while others have been linked to cancer. Often, these ingredients are put into products to make them more pleasing — whether to smell a certain way, create a richer lather or give them a longer shelf life. But our bodies don’t know how to process them. At Follain, we ensure every ingredient in our products plays a positive role in your health. No downsides or compromises allowed.

Sources

– Breast Cancer Fund
– Campaign for Safe Cosmetics
– Center for Disease Control (CDC)
– Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
– Environmental Working Group (EWG)
– Skin Deep Database
– Health Canada
– International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
– National Institutes of Health (NIH)

You will never find the following ingredients in any products carried at Follain stores.
1,4-Dioxane
What

A by-product generated by a process called ethoxylation , in which ethylene oxide, is added to other chemicals to make them less harsh.

Function
  • Contaminant (unlisted in ingredient labels) – a substance that renders a product impure and unsuitable for use.
Potential Concern
  • Carcinogen
  • Organ Toxicity
  • Birth defects
Found In

Products that sud

Aluminum Compounds (excluding coloring agents)
What

Metallic element

Function
  • Blocks the sweat ducts, preventing sweat from reaching the skin’s surface.
Potential Concern
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Potential carcinogen
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Suspected to bioaccumulate within organs
  • Skin and organ irritation
Found In

Antiperspirant

Aminomethyl Propanol
What

Alkanolamine

Function
  • pH Adjuster
  • Ingredient stabilizer
Potential Concern
  • May form carcinogenic nitrosamines
  • Reproductive and developmental toxicity
  • Skin and organ irritation
Found In

All types of hair products

Animal Fat and Musk
What

Procured from the meat, fat bone or genital glands of slaughtered or live animals
Animals could include sheep, beef, horses, pigs, shark, emu, mink, deer, otter, beavers and more.

Function
  • Skin conditioning
  • Perfuming agent
Potential Concern
  • Skin and organ irritation
  • Animal welfare
  • Sustainability
Found In

All types of face, body, & cosmetic products.

Benzalkonium Chloride
What

A mixture of quaternary ammonium salts

Function
  • Preservative
  • Anti-microbial agent
  • Surfactant
Potential Concern
  • Severe skin, eye and respiratory irritant
  • Allergy trigger
Found In

Anti-bacterial soap. Moisturizer.

BHA (Butylated Hydroxyanisole)
What

Synthetic antioxidants

Function
  • Preservatives in both cosmetics and food
Potential Concern
  • Potential carcinogens
  • Endocrine disruption
  • May cause liver, kidney and thyroid problems
Found In

All types of hair products. All types of face products. All types of body products. All types of cosmetic products.

Butoxyethanol
What

Glycol ether that functions as a fragrance additive with a sweet odor

Function
  • Fragrance additive
  • Solvent
  • Viscosity control
Potential Concern
  • Possible carcinogen
  • Reproductive toxicity
  • Skin irritant
Found In

Many products with “fragrance” listed as an ingredient

Chemical Sunscreens
What

Filters harmful UVA/UVB rays

Function
  • Ingredient stabilizer
Potential Concern
  • May cause cell damage and mutation
  • Endocrine disruption
Found In

Sun care products

Look For
  • Oxybenzone (or Benzophenone-3)
  • Octinoxate (or octyl methoxycinnamate)
  • Octocrylene
  • Octisalate
  • Homosalate
Coal Tar
What

Byproduct of coal processing

Function
  • Colorant – an ingredient that imparts color to a product.
  • Anti-dandruff agent
Potential Concern
  • Carcinogen: a substance capable of causing cancer in living tissue.
Look For
  • Coal Tar Solution
  • P-phenylenediamine
  • Aminophenol
  • Diaminobenzene
Ethanolamines
Function
  • Surfactant
  • pH Adjuster
Potential Concern
  • Allergies
  • Skin toxicity
  • Endocrine disruption
  • May form carcinogenic nitrosamines
  • Inhibited fetal brain development
Found In

Styling products. Hair dye. Mascara. Foundation.

Labeled As
  • Diethanolamine (DEA)
  • Cocamide DEA
  • Cocamide MEA
  • Triethanolamine (TEA)
  • Monoethanlamine (MEA)
  • Ethanolamine (ETA)
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid (EDTA)
Function
  • Binding agent
  • Penetration enhancer
Potential Concern
  • Organ toxicity
Look For
  • Disodium EDTA
  • Calcium Disodium EDTA
  • Tetrasodium EDTA and HEDTA
  • Others with -EDTA
Found In

Hair dye Moisturizer. Cleanser/body wash. Foundation Eye products (mascara, eyeliner).

Formaldehyde
Function
  • Preservative
Potential Concern
  • Carcinogen
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Developmental toxicity
  • Asthma
  • Skin/eye irritation
  • Allergy trigger
Look For
  • DMDM hydantoin
  • Diazolidinyl urea (formaldehyde releasing)
  • Imidazolidinyl urea (formaldehyde releasing)
  • Quaternium-15 (formaldehyde releasing)
  • Sodium hydroxymethylglycinate
  • 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3 diol (Bronopol)
  • Tosylamide / formaldehyde resin
Found In

Shampoo. Body wash. Bubble bath. Nail polish. Eyelash glue

Hydroquinone
What
Function
  • Skin bleaching
  • Decreases production of melanin pigments in the skin
  • Reduces hyperpigmentation
Potential Concern
  • Carcinogen
  • Increases risk of skin cancer
  • Organ toxicity
Found In

Skin bleaching products. Cleanser. Moisturizer

Mercury and Mercury Compounds
What

Heavy Metal

Function
  • Preservative substance added to delay decomposition and inhibit spoilage by preventing growth of bacteria, yeast, and/or mold in a product.
  • Anti-microbial agent
Potential Concern
  • Neurotoxicity – nervous system damage from overexposure to certain toxins.
  • Organ and developmental toxicity
Found In

Mascara. Eyeliner.

Look For
  • Thimerosal
Methyl Cellosolve
Function
  • Solvent – a substance in which another substance is dissolved, to form a solution. Used to extract or suspend materials without altering the make up of the other chemicals. A classic example of a solvent is water.
  • Viscosity control
Potential Concern
  • Skin irritation
  • Cell damage and mutation
  • Possible neurotoxicity
  • Developmental toxicity
Look For
  • Methoxyethanol
Found In

Anti-aging creams and treatments

Methylisothiazolinone and Methylchloroisothiazolinone
What
Function
  • Preservatives
  • Fragrance enhancers
Potential Concern
  • Skin irritation
  • Sensitizer
  • Allergy trigger
  • Possible neurotoxicity
Found In

All types of hair products.

Mineral Oil
What

By-product of petroleum distillation

Function
  • Moisturizer
Potential Concern
  • Contamination with PAHs which are linked to cancer
  • Skin irritation
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Allergy trigger
Look For
  • Liquid paraffin
    Liquid petrolatum
Found In

All types of face products

Nanoparticles
What

Used to reduce the white chalky tint of mineral sunscreens like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide.

A nanoparticle measures in the range of 1-100 nanometers (1 nanometer = 1 billionth of a meter).

Little is known about the safety and performance of nanoparticles due to the fact that manufacturers do not have to disclose the qualities of particles in skincare products

Function
  • UV protection
  • Penetration and texture enhancer
  • Ingredient stabilizersubstance that prevents separation of ingredients
  • Preservative
Potential Concern
  • Possible organ, reproductive and developmental toxicity
  • Potential DNA/cell damage
  • Skin and organ irritation
  • Use of nanoparticles is not labeled in ingredients
Found In

Anti-aging products and treatments. Sunscreens

Parabens
What

Esters of parahydroxybenzoic acid

Function
  • Preservativesa substance added to delay decomposition and inhibit spoilage by preventing growth of bacteria, yeast, and/or mold in a product.
  • Anti-microbial agents
Potential Concern
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Potential carcinogen
  • Developmental, reproductive and immune toxicity
  • Allergy trigger
Found In

All types of hair products

Phenoxyethanol
What

A glycol ether that can either be found in nature or synthetic. Almost all phenoxyethanol used in beauty is synthetic.

Function
  • Used mainly as a preservative in skincare and cosmetic products.
Potential Concern
  • Skin irritant
  • Nervous system suppressant
  • Connected to reduced fecundity (longer times to get pregnant)
Found In

Nearly any kind of skincare or cosmetic product, as a preservative

Phthalates (DBP, DEHP, DEP, DMP, and Others)
What

Derived from phthalic acid

Function
  • Plasticizers
  • Solubilizer
  • Denaturant
Potential Concern
  • Endocrine disruption
  • May cause birth defects
  • Not labeled in ingredients
Found In

Synthetic fragrance, Hairspray

Placenta Extract
What

Extract derived from human or animal placentas (often from sheep and horse)

Function
  • Increases hair thickness
  • Increases collagen production
Potential Concern
  • Exposure to high levels of progesterone and estrogenic chemicals can increase risk of various cancers
  • Endocrine disruption
Found In

Hair treatments and thickener, Anti-aging products and treatments

Polyethylene Glycol (PEG Compounds)
What

Ethoxylated ingredient

Function
  • Thickeners
  • Solvents
  • Softeners
  • Moisture-carriers
  • Penetration enhancers
Potential Concern
  • Possible contamination with 1,4-dioxane and ethylene oxide, both known carcinogens
Found In

All types of hair products, Moisturizer, Foundation

Polysorbates
What

Produced by reacting polyol, sorbitol and ethylene oxide

Function
  • Surfactant
  • Emulsifying agent
Potential Concern
  • Possible contamination with 1,4-dioxane and ethylene oxide, both known carcinogens
Found In

All types of hair products, All types of face products, All types of body products

Look For
  • Polysorbate –20, -40, -60, -80 and others
Resorcinol
What

White crystalline solid derived from benzene

Function
  • Colorant
  • Fragrance ingredient
  • Acne therapy
Potential Concern
  • Skin irritation
  • Possible endocrine disruption
  • Organ and immune toxicity
Look For
  • 2-Methylresorcinol (derivative of resorcinol)
Found In

Shampoo, Hair Dye, Styling products (foam and mousse)

Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES)
What

By-product of a process called ethoxylation, in which ethylene oxide, is added to other chemicals to make them less harsh.

Function
  • Surfactant (Cleansing agent that produces suds, bubbles and foam)
Potential Concern
  • Contamination with 1,4 –dioxane
  • Causes skin and eye irritation
  • Can trigger allergies
Found In

Products that lather (shampoo, cleanser, soaps, some exfoliators, body wash, bubble bath)

Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate
What
Function
  • Skin conditioning
  • Absorption enhancer
  • Antistatic
Potential Concern
  • May form carcinogenic nitrosamines
Found In

Products that lather (shampoo, cleanser, soaps, some exfoliators)

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) & Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES)
What

By-product of a process called ethoxylation, in which ethylene oxide, is added to other chemicals to make them less harsh.

Function
  • Surfactant (Cleansing agent that produces suds, bubbles and foam)
Potential Concern
  • Contamination with 1,4 –dioxane
  • Causes skin and eye irritation
  • Can trigger allergies
Found In

Products that lather (shampoo, cleanser, soaps, some exfoliators, body wash, bubble bath)

Synthetic Flavor or Fragrance
What

Engineered scent or flavoring agent that usually contains dozens of (but could contain any combination of 3000+) chemical ingredients used to create fragrances. Fragrance and flavor formulas are “trade secrets” and can therefore remain undisclosed.

Function
  • scent or flavoring
Potential Concern
  • Severe skin and respiratory irritation
  • Can trigger allergies, migraines and asthma attacks
  • Potential carcinogen
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Birth defects
Look For
  • Fragrance and Fragrance Blend
  • Parfum/perfume
  • Flavor
Found In

All types of hair products, All types of face products, All types of body products, All types of cosmetic products

Toluene
What

Volatile petrochemical derived from benzene, a known carcinogen

Function
  • Solvent
Potential Concern
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Links to blood, brain and reproductive cancers
  • Birth defects
  • Reproductive, developmental and immune toxicity
  • Severe skin and organ irritation
Look For
  • Toluol
  • Benzene
  • Methylbenzene
  • Phenylmethane
Found In

Hair dye, Nail polish

Triclosan and Triclocarban
What
Function
  • Antimicrobial agent (look for “Microban”)
Potential Concern
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Toxic to aquatic environments
  • Contributes to antibiotic resistance in bacteria
Found In

Antibacterial hand and body soap/cleanser, Hand sanitizer, Antiperspirant